Ein Frame umfasst die Spieldauer vom Start (siehe 3. 3. (c)), mit allen Bällen wie in 3. 2. beschrieben aufgesetzt, wobei die Spieler nacheinander. Ein Frame kann auch durch Aufgabe eines Spielers oder direkt durch den Schiedsrichter beendet werden. Ein Match besteht in der Regel aus mehreren Frames. Die Ansage des Schiedsrichters lautet statt der Nummer des Frames nun: „The last frame of this game, [Spielername] to break.“.
Spielregel - SnookerWer am Frameende am meisten Punkte hat, gewinnt den Frame. Sollte es während des Frames zu einer Spielsituation kommen, in der das Spiel zum Stocken. Ein Frame kann auch durch Aufgabe eines Spielers oder direkt durch den Schiedsrichter beendet werden. Ein Match besteht in der Regel aus mehreren Frames. Die Ansage des Schiedsrichters lautet statt der Nummer des Frames nun: „The last frame of this game, [Spielername] to break.“.
Frame Snooker Players & Equipment VideoTRUMP vs ROBERTSON Decider Drama! Betway UK Championship Final 🤯
Snooker is played one against one and the size of the balls and table are regulated. The table is rectangular, measuring 12ft x 6ft and just under 3ft in height, and usually made of wood with a slate top covered in green baize.
The table has six pockets into which the balls are potted, one in each corner and two in the middle of the long sides, or cushions. The end from which the game starts is called the baulk end and has a line across the width of the table 29 inches from the baulk cushion.
In the centre of this is the D, an The hard balls, made from phenolic resin, are approximately 2.
There are 15 red balls and one each of black, pink, blue, brown, green and yellow, as well as a white cue ball which is the only one struck by the players.
The colours go on their spots, the green, brown and yellow from left to right on the baulk line across the semi-circle.
Several players, such as Ronnie O'Sullivan, Mark Allen and Steve Davis, have warned that there are too many tournaments during the season, and that players risk burning out.
Some leagues have allowed clubs to refuse to accept women players in tournaments. Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts used for playing shots that cannot be played by hand, a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard.
While pool tables are common to many pubs , snooker tends to be played either in private surroundings or in public snooker halls.
The game can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls. Smaller tables can come in a variety of styles, such as fold-away or dining-table convertible.
A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus and records the score for each frame in units and twenties and the frame scores.
They are typically attached to a wall by the snooker table. A simple scoring bead is also sometimes used, called a "scoring string", or "scoring wire".
Snooker players typically move one or several beads with their cue. The playing surface is The felt is usually a form of fully wool green baize , with a directional nap running from the baulk end of the table towards the end with the black ball spot.
The nap will affect the direction of the cue ball depending on which direction the cue ball is shot and also on whether left or right side spin is placed on the ball.
Even if the cue ball is hit in exactly the same way, the nap will cause a different effect depending on whether the ball is hit down table towards the black ball spot or up table towards the baulk line.
The cloth on a snooker table is not vacuumed, as this can destroy the nap. The cloth is brushed in a straight line from the baulk end to the far end with multiple brush strokes that are straight in direction i.
Some table men will also then drag a dampened cloth wrapped around a short piece of board like a two by four , or straight back of a brush to collect any remaining fine dust and help lay the nap down.
The table is then ironed. Some other cloths include a small percentage of nylon. In the professional era that began with Joe Davis in the s and continues until the present day, a relatively small number of players have succeeded at the top level.
After Davis retired from World Championship play, the next dominant force was his younger brother Fred Davis, who had lost the final to Joe.
After the abandonment of the World Championship in , with the final boycotted by British professionals, the World Professional Match-play Championship became the unofficial world championship.
John Pulman was the most successful player of the s, when the world championship was contested on a challenge basis.
Ray Reardon became the dominant force in the s, winning six titles , — and , with John Spencer winning three. Steve Davis ' first world title in made him only the 11th world champion since , including the winner of the boycotted title, Horace Lindrum.
Davis, for example, won more ranking tournaments than the rest of the top 64 players put together by By retaining his title in , O'Sullivan became the first player to successfully defend the World Championship since Hendry in Mark Selby would also do this in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Snooker disambiguation. Three-time world champion Mark Selby playing a practice game. Main article: History of snooker.
Main article: Rules of snooker. Play media. See also: List of snooker tournaments and Snooker organisations. See also: Comparison of cue sports and Glossary of cue sports terms.
See also: List of snooker players by number of ranking titles and List of snooker players with over century breaks.
See also: Snooker variants. BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 16 September Macmillan Dictionary. London, UK: Macmillan Publishers.
Archived from the original on 15 April Retrieved 19 March Archived from the original on 12 May The Independent.
Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 25 February Snooker Heritage. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 8 February Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed. Oxford University Press. Subscription or UK public library membership required.
Archived from the original on 10 August Pool: History, Strategies, and Legends. New York City: Friedman Fairfax. The Telegraph.
Archived from the original on 21 March Dundee Courier. Retrieved 21 January — via British Newspaper Archive.
Archived from the original on 16 February Retrieved 24 February The Times. The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 1 March The Glasgow Herald.
Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 27 November Archived from the original on 17 November Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original on 13 August Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 13 November Archived from the original on 25 February Archived from the original on 27 April The Guardian.
Archived from the original on 22 July Archived from the original on 24 September Dennis Taylor's remarkable 18—17 victory over Steve Davis on the final black has justifiably become regarded as one of the great moments in British sport.
Archived from the original on 4 September Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 25 March Archived from the original on 13 February Archived from the original on 20 May Archived from the original on 27 August Archived from the original on 27 November The New York Times.
Archived from the original on 23 April If the cue ball is touching another ball which could not be on e. Where the cue ball is simultaneously touching several balls that are on or could be on, the referee shall indicate that each and every one of them is a touching ball; the striker must therefore play away from all of them.
The striker scores no points for balls potted as the result of a foul. Depending on the situation, these balls will either remain off the table; be returned to their original spots; or be replaced in the positions they occupied before the foul shot, along with any other balls that were moved during the shot.
For details on such situations, see Fouls below. Each frame of snooker generally consists of two phases. The first phase lasts as long as any red balls remain on the table.
During this phase, all red balls are "on" for the beginning of a player's turn; the player must therefore first hit and attempt to pot one or more of them.
If the player either commits a foul or fails to pot a red, the turn ends and the opponent begins to play.
Each legally potted red ball awards one point and remains off the table until the end of the frame. The player continues his or her turn by nominating one of the six colours yellow, green, brown, blue, pink, black as the ball "on" for the next shot.
The rules of the game indicate that the player must state the desired colour to the referee, although it is usually clear which ball the player is attempting to pot, making a formal nomination unnecessary unless the referee insists on it.
Potting the nominated colour awards further points two through seven, in the same order as the preceding paragraph. The referee then removes the colour from the pocket and replaces it on the table in its original spot.
If that spot is covered by another ball, the ball is placed on the highest available spot. If all spots are occupied, it is placed as close to its own spot as possible in a direct line between that spot and the top cushion, without touching another ball.
If there is no room this side of the spot, it will be placed as close to the spot as possible in a straight line towards the bottom cushion, without touching another ball.
The player then resumes play, with the red balls "on" again. Because only one of the colours can be "on" at any given time, it is a foul to first hit multiple colours at the same time, or pot more than one colour unless a free ball has been awarded; see below.
If a player fails to pot a ball "on", whether a red or a nominated colour, the other player will come to the table, with the reds always being the balls "on" as long as there are still reds on the table.
The alternation between red balls and colours ends when all reds have been potted and an attempt successful or not to pot a colour is made after the last red is potted, or when the last red is potted or knocked off the table as the result of a foul and is not replaced.
All six colours have then to be potted in ascending order of their value yellow, green, brown, blue, pink, black.
Each becomes the ball "on" in that order. During this phase, the colours are not replaced on the table after being legally potted; however, any colour potted as the result of a foul is re-spotted.
After all six colours have been potted, the player with the higher score wins the frame but see below for end-of-frame scenarios.
A foul is a shot or action by the striker which is against the rules of the game. When a foul is made during a shot, the player's turn ends, and no points are awarded for any balls potted on that shot.
Common fouls are:  . If the cue ball is potted or leaves the table, the opponent receives it "in-hand" and may then place it anywhere within the "D" for the next shot.
It is sometimes erroneously believed that potting two or more balls in one shot is an automatic foul. This is only true if one of the potted balls is not "on" e.
When the reds are "on", two or more of them may be legally potted in the same shot and are worth one point each; however, the player may only nominate and attempt to pot one colour on the next shot.
If a free ball has been granted see below , a colour may be legally potted in the same shot as a red or another colour, depending on the circumstances.
Should a cue ball be touched with the tip while "in-hand", i. The following fouls award seven points to the opponent when committed: .
Any other foul awards points to the opponent equal to the value of the ball "on," the highest value of all balls involved in the foul, or four points, whichever is highest.
If multiple fouls are committed in one shot, only the penalty for the highest-valued foul is scored. The penalty for a foul is thus no lower than four points and no higher than seven.
Not hitting the ball "on" first is the most common foul. A common defensive tactic is to play a shot that leaves the opponent unable to hit a ball "on" directly.
This is most commonly called "snookering" one's opponent, or alternatively "laying a snooker" or putting the other player "in a snooker".
Because players receive points for fouls by their opponents, repeatedly snookering one's opponent is a possible way of winning a frame when potting all the balls on the table would be insufficient to ensure a win or tie.
This portion of the frame is known as the "snookers-required" stage. A free ball is a player-nominated substitute for the ball "on" when a player becomes snookered as the result of a foul committed by the opponent.
Once the free ball shot is taken legally, the game continues normally; however, if the player who committed the foul is asked to play again, a free ball is not granted.
For example, as illustrated in the provided picture, if the ball on is the red, but is snookered by the black due to a foul, the fouled player will be able to name either the blue or the black as the free ball.
The player could then pot the chosen colour as if it were a red for one point. The colour will then be respotted, the player will nominate a colour to be on for the next shot, and normal play will resume.
As a natural corollary of the rules, the free ball is always a colour ball. If the ball on is a red, then by definition it cannot be snookered via another red, as it merely provides an alternative clean shot with another ball on.
If the ball on is a red, and is snookered by a colour after a foul, then logically the red is either the final one or all reds are snookered by a colour ball, meaning the free ball has to be a colour.
If the ball on is a colour ball that is snookered by a red, a previous red must have been successfully potted; the snooker therefore must be self-inflicted and cannot have occurred as the result of a foul.